Bitternut Hickory

Carya Cordiformis

  • Whole Tree Fall Color

Growzone: 3 - 9

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The Bitternut Hickory is a tall slender tree.  It is found on moist sites on upper flood plains and at the bottom of slopes.  The leaves are from 6 to 9 inches long and composed of seven to  eleven leaflets.

The individual leaflets are more slender than those of the other hickories except the pecan.  The nut itself has a thin brittle, creamy colored shell with a reddish-coated hull, very bitter in taste.

The bark is much smoother than the shagbark hickory.  Young branches are gray in color, slightly ridged and often tinged with yellow.  Larger brances and trunk is granite gray and coarser. Attractive yellow/ mustrad colored buds adding winter interest.

Growth Rate: Moderate

Shape: Slender

Height: 50-70′ feet

Width: 40-50′ feet

Soil: Deep, moist soil that range from poorly drained to well drained.

Flowering: April-May

Seed Bearing: Produces a non-edible bitter hickory nut


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